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2020 TAFIRI Aquatic ecosystems & Biodiversity A meeting framework for inclusive and sustainable science. To propose a new meeting format as a means to achieve greater inclusivity at reduced carbon footprint, and hence greater benefits relative to the aforementioned costs of international conferences Completed Bern University, Switzeland and others Blackman, R. C., Bruder, A., Burdon, F. J., Convey, P., Funk, W. C., Jähnig, S. C., Kishe, M. A., da Silva Moretti, M., Natugonza, V., Pawlowski, J., Stubbington, R., 4, Zhang, X., Seehausen, O., and Altermatt, F., Journal The ABCD format should not be restricted to Conferences, but can also be applied to working groups and research projects. These solutions are indeed urgently needed to find rapid science-based solutions for immediate problems, such as the current Covid-19 crisis, but also for more persistent problems, such as to bend the curve in the ongoing biodiversity crisis
2020 TAFIRI Climate change & environment Methane emission and sulphide levels increase in tropical seagrass sediments during temperature stress - a mesocosm study To determine the effects of temperature stress on methane emission and sulfide levels in tropical seagrass sediment, and whether these processes relate to the photosynthetic performance of seagrass plants Completed Swedish International Development Cooperation Agen George, R., Gullstrom, M., Mtolera, S.P. Lyimo, T.J. & Bjork, M Journal Reducing the impacts of local stressors on seagrass ecosystems would increase their carbon sequestration capacity under global warming
2020 TAFIRI Aquatic ecosystems & Biodiversity Environmental DNA-based xenomonitoring for determining Schistosoma presence in tropical freshwaters A xenomonitoring method that allows schistosome infections of host snail species to be determined from eDNA in water used to house those snails. Completed Saudi Arabia Cultural Bureau in London and Prince Alzaylaee H, Collins RA, Rinaldi G, Shechonge A, Ngatunga B, Morgan ER, . Genner, MJ Journal This approach may be well-suited for epidemiological studies and monitoring in endemic areas, where it can assist schistosomiasis control by indicating infection risk from freshwaters and guiding necessary interventions to eliminate the disease.
2020 TAFIRI Aquatic ecosystems & Biodiversity Schistosoma species detection by environmental DNA assays in African freshwaters. Development of novel environmental DNA (eDNA) qPCR assays for the presence of the human-infecting species Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium and S. japonicum. Completed Saudi Arabia Cultural Bureau in London and Prince Alzaylaee H, Collins RA, Rinaldi G, Shechonge A, Ngatunga B, Morgan ER, Genner, MJ Journal eDNA monitoring is able to detect schistosomes in freshwater bodies, but refinement of the field sampling, storage and assay methods likely to optimise its performance .Results indicates that eDNA approaches could be considered as a tool for standard monitoring of parasite presence. https://doi. org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008129
2020 TAFIRI Climate change & environment Assessment of ocean acidification (OA) conditions in key and spatially isolated ecosystems of Mnazi and Chwaka bays –Tanzania To characterize pH conditions (and associated drivers) within different coastal habitats Completed WIOMSA Rushingisha George Technical Report 1. Continue monitoring of pH levels and associated drivers. 2. Assessment of seagrass habitats’ potential to buffer the negative impacts of OA within bays.
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